Volume 2, Issue 3, August 2017, Page: 85-91
Study of Radiation Pollution of Groundwater in Al-Tuz, Salah Al-Din Governorate, Iraq
Asia Hameed Al-Mashhadani, Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Huda Saddi Ali, Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Tikrt, Salah Alden, Iraq
Karar Sameen Ali, Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Tikrt, Salah Alden, Iraq
Received: Jul. 31, 2017;       Accepted: Aug. 8, 2017;       Published: Sep. 13, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjap.20170203.14      View  1305      Downloads  51
Abstract
This paper presents an evaluation radiation pollution of groundwater and the radioactive contamination from natural radiation sources using sodium iodide detector by measuring gamma lines emitted from radioisotopes. The radioactivity of the radioisotopes radium (Ra226), Actinium (Ac228) and potassium (K40) were identified in the studied samples, which included 52 different groundwater samples in the city of Al-Tuz, Salah Al-Din Governorate, Iraq. The results show that the concentration of Ra226 was between the range (w22 (3.712)-w45 (191.551)) BqL-1, where some of samples radioactivity was higher than the allowed limit (35BqL-1), but the concentration of Ac228 was between (w25 (1.609)- w29 (42.4) BqL-1) and the concentration of K40 was between (w1 (1.092) - w18 (123.164)) Bq L-1 where all the results were below the allowed limit of (400BqL-1), and the radium equivalent was between (w22 (20.613434) -W45 (212.02739))BqL-1, where all the results were below the global limit (370) BqL-1. The rate of absorbed dose AD was between (9.7047138-97.434442) nGyh-1 that 20 samples appeared above the allowed limit and the rest of the samples was less than the allowed limit (84Bq L-1). The annual effective dose of Ra226 concentration was between (0.065097- 0.001261) mSv/year showed that all the results were less than the global limit of (0.1 mSv / year).
Keywords
Radiation Pollution, Groundwater, Radionuclides
To cite this article
Asia Hameed Al-Mashhadani, Huda Saddi Ali, Karar Sameen Ali, Study of Radiation Pollution of Groundwater in Al-Tuz, Salah Al-Din Governorate, Iraq, World Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 85-91. doi: 10.11648/j.wjap.20170203.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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